This report describes research undertaken as part of a Gottstein fellowship study concerning the advancement of prefabricated timber construction with a view to improving its presence in the multi-unit residential and commercial building markets. The study aimed to learn lessons from the application of advanced prefabricated timber construction settings in Sweden, Austria, Switzerland, Germany and Canada.
The main objective of the study was to provide information and examples of wood fibre technologies that can support decisions within the Australian forest industry to consider a diversification of the manufacturing sector. This transfer of knowledge will help to enable strong growth through innovation, collaboration and industry sector interlinkages.
The Gottstein project involved visits to Australian companies and organisations and those based in Canana, Sweden and Finland.
AN INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF PESTCIDE USE AND CULTURE: PEST MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES, CHEMICAL REGULATIONS / FOREST MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATION AND IMPACTS FOR TREE SURVIVAL AND YIELD
Pesticide use is an efficient and cost-effective forest management tool in Australian Forestry. Competition for light, space, water and soil nutrients from vegetation can have detrimental effects on tree survival and productivity of plantation tree species.
The demand for timber is increasing resulting in plantation management in Australia becoming more intensive, as managers try to extract greater volume and value out of each hectare.
The aim of this study tour was to review pesticide use and culture in north-eastern Australia, New Zealand, and south-eastern America by talking to key forestry representatives directly involved in pesticide use, managing and monitoring compliance, and to see the impacts reduced pesticide use or reduced availability of chemicals has on plantation forest management.
A report on a Gottstein fellowship mission to the US with the objective of ‘Improving the scope and quality of forestry forecasting work in Australia’. Mihir Gupta worked with colleagues from Forest Economic Advisors (FEA) in Boston and the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) in Olympia, Washington State.)
This study was driven by the recent nanotechnology movement within the forest industries globally and considerations from leaders of the Australian forestry and wood manufacturing industry, reinforcing the need for a closer knowledge on this subject.
Insights obtained directly from the key developers of nanocellulose (NCC) products could maximise decision-making opportunities for innovation, diversification and development.
This report looks at how grower associations in Europe have fostered greater participation of private landholders in the forest industry. Industry should establish a business case for direct government investment in growing trees to establish critical mass in timber resources based on the public good benefits.
This report documents a three week study tour of the United States and Canada on the role of active forest management for multiple landscape benefits, most notably for wildfire risk reduction, renewable bioenergy and forest health. This study builds on the earlier Gottstein Fellowship report by Hamilton (2009) into developments in the use of woody biomass for bioenergy in Canada and the western United States, by focusing more directly on the links between fire management and bioenergy.
Gottstein Fellow Tina Bell investigated the opportunities available to bushfire professionals for tertiary education in Australia and compared it to what was available in the US and Canada. With the demise of many of the traditional forest science courses in Australian universities, the lack of tertiary education opportunities in fire behaviour and fire ecology for land management and forest managers has declined. Recommendations included that there should be a formal review of the depth and breadth of tertiary level education related to fire theory and practice available in Australia should be undertaken and that the need for a “common curriculum” across Australia in tertiary fire courses be examined, and possibly defined, via an collaborative process between industry, government and fire agencies.
Forests provide a myriad of hydrological services for the benefit of human societies. It is for this reason that, wherever possible, forests are maintained in drinking water catchments. However, usually these services are not paid for and are taken for granted. They tend to be valued only when an infrequent event such as a wildfire or a logging operation threatens to interrupt this steady, free provision of benefits. The aim of this fellowship was to explore examples in the United States of America where ‘watershed services’ are valued and investments made in forest management to improve or maintain these services paid for by downstream water users.
Radiata pine has become one of the most important commercial tree species in
the world and is currently the most extensively planted conifer species in Australia and
New Zealand. The radiata pine domestication process of selection and breeding has
occurred almost entirely in regions far removed from its native forests in California and
Mexico. The wood of this species is remarkably versatile and is used for both structural
and appearance-grade wood products, and for pulp. The conservation of radiata pine
germplasm has become an important component of long-term forest management for its
sustained productivity and profitability. Potential gene conservation benefits include
disease and insect damage alleviation, an increase in volume, improved wood stiffness
and extending the current suitable plantation area by breeding for drought tolerance.
Maintaining such resources to serve their intended purpose needs to be made as
efficient and cost effective as possible. This depends on measures of the underlying
genetic diversity of traits of interest.